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The complaint is the initial document filed to begin a case. It lists the facts of the case, the relevant law, and the action the filing party is asking the court to take.


 

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
complaint (noun)
1.
expression of grief, pain, or dissatisfaction
2.
a) something that is the cause or subject of protest or outcry
b) a bodily ailment or disease
3.
a formal allegation against a party
Merriam-Webster Online Thesaurus
complaint (noun)
1.
an expression of dissatisfaction, pain, or resentment
SYNONYMS:
beef, bitch, bleat, carp, fuss, grievance, gripe, grouch, grouse, grumble, holler, kvetch, lament, miserere, moan, murmur, plaint, squawk, wail, whimper, whine, whinge, yammer
RELATED WORDS:
challenge, demur, expostulation, kick, niggle [], objection, protest, quibble, remonstrance, stink
NEAR ANTONYMS:
commendation, compliment, plaudit; acclaim, applause, praise; approval, endorsement ( indorsement), sanction
complaint (noun)
2.
a feeling or declaration of disapproval or dissent
SYNONYMS:
challenge, complaint, demur, demurral, demurrer, difficulty, exception, expostulation, fuss, kick, protest, question, remonstrance, stink
RELATED WORDS:
compunction, doubt, misgiving, qualm, scruple; misunderstanding; cavil, niggle [], quibble; argument, conflict, debate, dispute, dissent, hassle, quarrel, squabble, static; censure, criticism; defiance, disobedience, rebellion; distrust, distrustfulness, dubiety, dubitation [], incertitude, indetermination, misdoubt, mistrust, mistrustfulness, reservation, skepticism, suspicion, uncertainty; qualmishness, unease, uneasiness; reluctance, unwillingness
NEAR ANTONYMS:
willingness; approval, sanction; acceptance, acquiescence, agreement, assent; compliance, obedience
complaint (noun)
3.
a formal claim of criminal wrongdoing against a person
SYNONYMS:
complaint, count, indictment, rap
RELATED WORDS:
accusation, allegation, plea; crimination; counteraccusation, countercharge; arraignment, impeachment; implication, imputation, innuendo, insinuation; censure, condemnation, denunciation; incrimination, recrimination
complaint (noun)
4.
an abnormal state that disrupts a plant's or animal's normal bodily functioning
SYNONYMS:
affection, ail, ailment, bug, complaint, complication, condition, disorder, distemper, distemperature, fever, ill, illness, infirmity, malady, sickness, trouble
RELATED WORDS:
contagion, contagious disease; contagium, infection; attack, bout, fit, spell; debility, decrepitude, feebleness, frailness, lameness, sickliness, unhealthiness, unsoundness, unwellness, weakness; malaise, matter, pip; epidemic, pest, pestilence, plague
NEAR ANTONYMS:
fitness, healthiness, heartiness, robustness, soundness, wholeness, wholesomeness; fettle, shape
health, wellness
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