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A term that broadly refers to all judges or a judicial officer that assists U.S. district court judges in preparing cases for trial.


Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
magistrate (noun)
an official entrusted with administration of the laws as
a) a principal official exercising governmental powers over a major political unit (as a nation)
b) a local official exercising administrative and often judicial functions
c) a local judiciary official having limited original jurisdiction especially in criminal cases
Merriam-Webster Online Thesaurus
magistrate (noun)
a public official having authority to decide questions of law
adjudicator, arbiter, arbitrator, referee, umpire
jurist, justice, magistrate; intermediary, intermediate, mediator, mediatrix, moderator, negotiator; conciliator, go-between, peacemaker, reconciler, troubleshooter; decider
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